List of Indigenous Plants
 
1
FAMILY: ANACARDIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Poupartia castanea
COMMON NAME: Bois Lubine
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Morne seche
DESCRIPTION:
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Poupartia pubescens
COMMON NAME: Bois de poupart; Bois blanc
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Chamarel. Found on rocky, steep slope of the West.
DESCRIPTION: A small tree with whitish bark. Endemic
2
FAMILY: ANNONACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Xylopia amplexicaulis
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Petrin
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 1.5-2m high or small tree, branches cylindrical, bark brown, finely striated longitudinally, glabrous. Leaves sessile, very close to each other, limb dark green, radiant, coriaceous, oblong to oval oblong, twisted at the base, pointed to obtuse at the tip, glabrous on both sides. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedicels firm, 5-20mm long, glabrescent. Petals are 6, valvate. Fruit have pedicel 2.5-3 cm long, red carmine at maturity, and glabrous.
3.
FAMILY: APOCYNACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ochrosia borbonica
COMMON NAME: Bois jaune;Quinquina du pays
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: L'example Bel Ombre
DESCRIPTION: A tree reaching 20 – 40 feet high and glabrous in all its parts. Leaves are 3 rarely 4 in a whorl, distinctly petioled, oblong or oblanceolate-oblong, obtuse or subacute, cuneate at the base, 3-6 inch long, glossy, with numerous parallel distinct spreading veins below.
Flowers are dense, sessile or in short peduncled terminal cymes; pedicels short, with densely imbricated small persistent bracts. Drupes, ovoid or oblong, pointed, above an inch long. 
 
4.
FAMILY: ARALIACEAE

(i) 

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Polyscias gracilis
COMMON NAME: Bois boeuf; Bois papaye
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 2-3m high, branches crowned, 10-15mm diameter. Leaves slender, 15-30cm long, limb oblong, oblong to elliptical, obtuse at the tip, very asymmetrical and more or less rounded at the base, thin. Inflorescence is in panicles, 15-22cm long, formed by umbel. Petals 5-6. Fruit is sub spherical to ovoid
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Polyscias neraudiana
COMMON NAME: Bois boeuf; Bois papaye
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 3-4m high, bark grayish brown, scaly, twigs 7-13mm in diameter. Leaves grouped at the top of twigs, base of petiole thickened. Foliage sometimes coriaceous, limb elliptical to oblong to oval to asymmetrical at the base, rounded to pointed at the tip. Inflorescence lateral, inserted below the leaves. Peduncle is 1-4cm long. Flowers are sub sessile or with pedicel 4mm long and enlarged. 
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Polyscias paniculata
COMMON NAME: Bois boeuf; Bois papaye
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: An erect, glabrous shrub, with stout terete branchlets. It has long petioled leaves; blade 6-9 inch long; leaflets usually 7, short-stalked, oblong, obtuse, shining, sub-coriaceous, deltoid or rather rounded at base, 4-6 inch long. Flowers are dense subspicate, peduncled racemes 2-4 inch long, with a rosette of lanceolate bracts at the base before expansion; pedicels very short and thick, not articulated, with a distinct cupule clasping the calyx. Corolla is hemispherical; petals and stamens about 16. Fruit is hemispherical with 6 falcate styles and 6 deep grooves. 
 
5.
FAMILY: BEGONIACEAE 
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Begonia salaziensis
COMMON NAME: Begonia sauvage; Oseille marronne
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Bassin Blanc
DESCRIPTION: Plant with straight bud or curved. Leaves oblong. Flowers white. Plants suffuescent ramified, glabrous, about 30cm to 2.4m high; bud straight; lamina oval-oblong pointed or acuminate, bright green, margin sineuse; petiole 4-10cm long. Inflorescence in axillary cyme having both female and male flowers, white tepals.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Colea colei
COMMON NAME: Bois margoze
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Le Pouce; Perrier
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching the height of 3-5 metre, with a unique stalk or little branched out. Flowers are tubular, lavender-pink, and yellow inside. Flowering season is March/April. Flowers are found in groups of protuberances or knob at the bud. Fruits are elongated.
 
6.
FAMILY: CAMPANULACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lobelia serpens
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb, with wide-trailing slender mostly glabrous stems, simple or with ascending branches. Leaves are membranous, abundant; lower oblanceolate, short-petioled, the rest linear, sessile, 1/12 to 1/8 inch broad, obscurely or distinctly toothed, under an inch long, narrowed from the middle to the base and pointed. Flowers are found from the axils of the upper leaves in a lax raceme; pedicels ¼ to ½ inch long, mostly shorter than their subtending leaves. Corolla is ¼ inch long; lobes blue, lower obovate, the throat yellowish, blue spotted. Capsule obovoid, ¼ inch long, scarely protruding from the calyx-tube. 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nesocodon mauritianus
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Cascade 500ft
DESCRIPTION: A small shrub reaching 30 – 40cm high, branched at the base, ascending, glabrous, with distinct foliage scares. Leaves inserted in helice, narrowly grouped on the apical bud, linearly-obovate or strictly oblong, pointed, sessile, glabrous, bright green. Flowers are solitary. Fruit of capsule type.
 
7.
FAMILY: CELASTRACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pleurostylia leucocarpa
COMMON NAME: Bois d'Olive des Seychelles
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Gaulette Seree
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched shrub, 12 – 15 feet high, glabrous throughout, with quadrangular branchlets. Leaves are short petioled, obovate-oblong, coriaceous, shining, venulose, obtuse or emarginate, 1 - 1 1/2 inch long; base cuneate. Flowers are in short peduncled axillary cymes; pedicels very short. Petals oblong, whitish, 1/12 inch deep. Capsule rather fleshy, 1/6 inch long, obliquely tipped by the short persistent style, containing 1 large dark brown obovoid seed.
 
8. 
FAMILY: CLUSIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Calophyllum parviflorum
COMMON NAME: Tatamaka a petite feuilles
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
9. 
FAMILY: COMBRETACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cylindrocline commersonii
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Le Pouce
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub reaching 1 meter in height with branches thick, expanded and covered on top with a dense, woolly hair growth. Leaves are pale golden green in colour. Flowers are dark pink and small. Flowering season is February to May. Found on Le Pouce. 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cylindrocline lorencei
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Flowering season is Dec to Jan and June.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Faujasia salicifolia
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Indeterminate
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Faujasiopsis boivinii
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Extinct
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(v) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Faujasiopsis reticulata
COMMON NAME: L'Oreille de Souris
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Corps de Garde
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub with leaves oval to subcircular. Flowers are white and often with a tinch of purple pink.
 
(vi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Helichrysum caespitosum
COMMON NAME: Immortelle du Pouce; Immortelle du pays
STATUS: Petrin
LOCATION: Le Pouce, Trois Mamelles, Corps de Garde
DESCRIPTION: Smaller than a small shrub and are found in tufts. Leaves are tomentose and silvery gray on both surfaces. Found on rocky cliff and fissure. Le Pouce, Trois Mamelles, Corps de Garde.
 
(vii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Helichrysum proteoides
COMMON NAME: Immortelle du Pouce; Immortelle du pays
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION: Florin
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub reaching 2 m in height. Leaves covered with whitish hairs. Found on humid summit of mountains.
 
(viii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Helichrysum yuccifolium
COMMON NAME: Immortelle du Pouce
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Petrin
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub reaching a height of 2-3 meters height. Leaves silvery white, typical of indigenous forest and lives in between the heath.
 
(ix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Parafaujasia mauritiana (pinifolia)
COMMON NAME: Bois cassant
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Petrin
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub very rare, reaching the height of 3 meters. Leaves linear. Flowers yellow, 3mm long.
 
(x) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psiadia balsamica
COMMON NAME: Baume d'Ile Plate
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psiadia canescens
COMMON NAME: Baume d'Ile Plate
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psiadia cataractae
COMMON NAME: Baume d'Ile Plate
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION: Tamarind Falls
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xiii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psiadia lithospermifolia
COMMON NAME: Baume d'Ile Plate
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Le Morne
DESCRIPTION:
 
10.
FAMILY: CUNONIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Weinmannia biviniana
COMMON NAME: Arbre mouche a miel; Arbre a miel
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 6 metre in height. Leaves are pennee and numerous. Flowers are small, numerous and whitish. Flowering season is Jan – July. The bark is rich in tannin
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Weinmannia tinctoria
COMMON NAME: Arbre mouche a miel
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Cascade 500ft
DESCRIPTION:
 
11.
FAMILY: EBENACAEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros angulata
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching 20m high, with only one trunk; bark almost black. Leaves with hardy petiole; elliptical, +- cuneiform or rarely rounded at the base, obtuse on top, subcoriaceous but still flexible, glabrous on both surfaces, shiny and dark green on top, paler beneath. Female flowers are solitary. Fruit: a berry, 4-5cm long, ovoid.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros boutoniana
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene marbre a grosses feuilles
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Morne seche; Ile aux Aigrettes
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 5-6 m high, generally with only one trunk, of 15-25cm in diameter; bark almost black. Twigs, relatively thick. Leaves with hardy petiole, 2-3m in length; lamina, oboval-oblong, cuneiform at the base, obtuse on top, coriaceous, rigid, glabrous on both surfaces, dark green on the upper surface and paler beneath. Male flowers, in cluster. Female flowers, solitary.
Fruit: a berry, +- spherical or oboval, 5cm in length.
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros chrysophyllos
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene blanc
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A small tree, with glabrous very zigzag slender branchlets. Leaves are oblong or oblong-lanceolate, glossy, green above, coriaceous, subacute, deltoid at the base, 3-5 inch long, only the distant branching main veins beneath raised; petiole ½ to 1 inch long. Flowers are1-4, sessile in the axils of the leaves. Fruits are nearly globose, pulpy, above an inch long, 7-10 – celled.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros diversifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A small much-branched glabrous tree of about 15 feet, with pale ashy leafy branches. Leaves are elliptical rounded at the apex, rigidly coriaceous, dark green and glossy above, pale green with reddish midrib and delicate reticulation beneath; those of the barren bottom-shoots or of young trees linear, petiole 1/16 to ¼ inch. long. Fruits are sessile, globose or oblong, 1-11/2 inch, 12-or fewer-celled, resting at the base on a thick shortly 5-6-lobed appressed calyx.
 
(v) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros egrettarum
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene marbre
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Ile aux Aigrettes
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 5-6m high, with relatively hard trunk, branched out relatively low, with semispherical cyme; bark grey, but covered with lichen. The small branches and the twigs are generally inserted at about 90º. Oval-oblong Juvenile leaves, 12cm long, have purple secondary veins on the lower surface. Mature leaves have thick and short petiole. Lamina is oval, heart-shaped at the base, +- obtuse at the tip, coriaceous, rigid, glabrous on both side, paler beneath. Inflorescence of 3-8 whereby male and female flowers are similar. Berry spherical or ovoid, 3-4cm long.
 
(vi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros hemiteles
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Chamarel
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching 8m high with dark grey bark. The leaves, 15mm long, have slender thin petiole; lamina is oval-elliptical, +- cuneiform at the base, obtuse at the tip, subcoriaceous but still flexible, glabrous on both faces, paler beneath. Solitary male flowers, rarely 2, in the axil of the leaves. Solitary female flowers. Corolla with tube 12mm, 6-8 lobes oboval. 
Berry is ovoid or elliptical, about 3cm long.
 
(vii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros leucomelas
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene marbre; bois d'ebene a veines
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Cabinet
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or a low tree, with glabrous nearly straight terete branchlets. Leaves are nearly sessile, oblong, obtuse, 4-6 inch long, rigidly coriaceous, glossy, cordate at the base, with only the main veins raised below. Flowers are1-3 from the nodes, surrounded by several round dry persistent bracts. Corolla - tube longer than the calyx, silky on the outside; lobes 5-6, round, spreading, orange-red. Fruits are globose, smooth, shining, 11/4 inch broad.
(viii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros melanida
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene marbre; bois d'ebene a veines
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Morne seche
DESCRIPTION: A tree, with slender terete virgate glabrous branchlets. Leaves are oblong, obtuse, rigidly coriaceous, glossy, bright green, 3-4 inch long, deltoid or rather rounded at the base, the principal anastomosing veins only raised beneath; petiole ¼ -1/3 inch long. Flowers are 1-4 from crowded nodes, the bracts very minute. Fruit-calyx nearly flat, above an inch broad, the lobes produced at the border into a broad reflexed-crisped wing. Corolla - lobes 5-6, 1/3inch long and broad, round-obovate, densely brown-silky on the outside. Fruits are glossy, an inch thick.
 
(ix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros neraudii
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Vulnerable; Protected
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching a height of about 10m having smooth brown bark. The leaves have quite slender and thin petiole,5-10mm long; lamina is oval, elliptical or rhombical , +- rounded or heart-shaped at the base, almost always obtuse at the tip, subcoriaceous but still supple, glabrous on both surface, dull green. Flowers are solitary and sessile. A green berry which look likes a gland of the chene with its cupule, 3cm long, ovoid.
 
(x) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros nodosa
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Vulnerable; Protected
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched shrub, with grey glabrous branches with the close nodes much thickened. Leaves are oblong, rigidly coriaceous, glossy, obtuse or rather pointed, 2-3 inch long, rounded at the base, the main veins beneath very fine and little raised; petiole ¼-1/2 long. Flowers are 1-2, nearly sessile at the crowded nodes.
 
(xi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros pterocalyx
COMMON NAME: Bois d'ebene a calices alle
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Macchabe
DESCRIPTION: Shrub of 2-4m high, generally with several slender and thin trunks with the bark almost black. Leaves with slender and thin petiole, 8-10mm long; lamina is elliptical,+- cuneiform at the base, rather obtuse at the tip, subcoriaceous but still flexible, glabrous on both surfaces, paler beneath. Flowers are solitary. An ovoid berry, 3-5cm long.
 
(xii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Diospyros revaughanii
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Bel Ombre
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching a height of 3-4m, without cyme. The trunk is slender and thin, branching rather low. The bark is grey but covered with lichens. Branches and twigs are thick, almost inserted at 90º. Juvenile leaves, oval-oblong, petiole, 12-15cm long, with purple secondary veins beneath. Adult leaves are sessile or subsessile with thick petiole. Leaf blade is +- circular, heart-shaped at the base, obtuse at the tip, coriaceous, rigid, glabrous on both surface, paler beneath. Flowers are found in glomerule of 3-8. The berry is spherical or ovoid, 3-5cm long, sticky.
 
12.
FAMILY: ELAEOCARPACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elaeocarpus bojeri
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Grand Bassin
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or small tree, glabrous except on the young parts bearing very small hairs. Stipules absent. Leaves inserted in helix, grouped at the top of twigs, petiole 8-30mm long, lamina is oval to elliptical. Flowers are 4-7, pendulous, flower bud ovoid. Petals are 5, obovate, glabrous on the exterior but hairy close to the base, on the margins and interior, and divided in 3-5 lobes. Disc with lobe rounded, velvet. Young fruit strictly fusiform.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elaeocarpus integrifolius
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A tree reaching 15m high, trunk compressed and branches thickened and vegetative part glabrescent. Stipules reduced. Leaves close to one another, opposed, petiole hard, 4-8mm long, limb dark green, more or less oblong, sometimes elliptical, pointed to rounded at the tip, twisted to rounded at the base, coriaceous. Inflorescence axillary, 8-16cm long, bears 9-18 flowers with pedicels 8-17mm long. Petals are 4, largely oboval or obtriangular, 9-12mm long. Disc quite big. Fruit is ellipsoid, pointed at the tip.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Elaeocarpus serratus
COMMON NAME: Olivier Ceylon
STATUS:
LOCATION: Jardin de Pamplemousses.
DESCRIPTION: A tree median in size. Fruits ovoid and sickly sweet.
 
13.
FAMILY: ERICACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Agauria salicifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois cabris
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Tamarind Falls
DESCRIPTION: A much branched glabrous shrub, 4-5 feet high. Distinctly petioled, lanceolate, entire, acuminate, cuneate at the base, green above, pale beneath, 2-3 inch long, ¼ -1/2 inch broad. Flowers are abundant close subsecund axillary and terminal racemes 2-3 inch long; pedicels spreading, 1/8 –1/4 inch long. Corolla is oblong, purplish, ¼ -1/3 inch long. Fruit is a globose, glabrous capsule, the size of a pea, splitting into 5 valves, girt by the persistent clasping calyx.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Phillippia abietina
COMMON NAME: Bruyere des montagnes
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Petrin
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched shrub, 2-5 feet high, with crowded erect branches. Leaves are ¼ -1/3 long, erecto-patent, densely crowded, glossy on both sides, ligulate, rigidly coriaceous, with revolute edges. Flowers are clustered at the end of the branches in the axils of the leaves, on very short pedicels. Corolla is campanulate, reddish-brown.
 
14. 
FAMILY: ERYTHROXYLACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Erythroxylum hypericifolium
COMMON NAME: Bois a balais; Bois d'huile; bois de dames
STATUS: Not threatened
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A small tree reaching 7-8m high, trunk 15-20cm diameters, bark smooth, pale gray. Branches bear numerous lenticels, flattened and slender at the level of leaves. Foliated limb is pale green, elliptical, 1.2-1.5 cm long. Petiole is red, 2-3mm long, juvenile plant having leaves 3-4mm long, heterophyllous. Flowers are solitary, 3-4mm diameter. Petals are 5, 3mm long, white. Fruit is radiant red, pulp waterlogged, ellipsoidal, and pendulous at the end of the slender pedicel.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Erythroxylum laurifolium
COMMON NAME: Bois de ronde
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION:DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 7m high, trunk 10-15cm diameter at the base. Branches flattened, thick by 4-5mm. Leaves with limb more or less strictly elliptical, exterior dark green, interior pale green. Flowers solitary or usually found in fascicles of 3 or 7, the branches bear numerous scales forming an inflorescence composed of 10-12 fascicles, pedicels 5-13mm long. Flowers are 10-14mm diameter. Petals are 5-9mm long. Drupe is red, pulp watterlogged, 1.5-2 cm long, weakly curved. Flower season is September to October and January to February.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Erythroxylum macrocarpum
COMMON NAME: Bois piment; bois de ronde
STATUS: Not threatened
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 3-5m high. Leaves with limb oboval sometimes subcircular or strictly elliptical, thick, dark green above, interior side greenish white, juvenile leaves more straight than the adult ones. Flowers solitary or in fascicle of 3, sometimes numerous fascicles are grouped on foliated branches. Pedicels are 0.8-1cm long in section, more or less pentagonal. Flowers 6-7mm diameter, calyx 1,5mm long. Petals 6mm long, elliptical or oboval. Drupe red, a little curved, 1-1,5cm long. Flower season February to March.
 
15. 
FAMILY: EUPHORBIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Claoxylon linostachys
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Macchabee; Mt rest
DESCRIPTION: Shrub, 6 to 10 feet high, with terete glabrous branchlets. Leaves are oblongceolate-oblong, coriaceous, scrabrous on both surfaces, deltoid or obtuse at the tip, cuneate at the base, 4-8 inch long, obscurely crenulate; petiole 1/8 –1/4 inch long. Flowers are in lax racemes 4-6 inch long, on 2-3 inch axillary peduncles. Type of fruits: Capsule glabrous, under ¼ inch broad, deeply 3-lobed.
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Croton vaughanii
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Perrier
DESCRIPTION: A tree reaching 7m high, with crowned branches. Leaves become reddish orange before senescence. Branches more or less longitudinally wrinkled, scales cover the young parts. Leaves are grouped at the top of branches, petiole 1-1,5cm long, scaly as the branches, limb very oval to sub-circular, obtuse or rounded at the tip, rounded to sub-twisted at the base, having at the juvenile state like the branches, of dense scaly hairs.
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Drypetes caustica
COMMON NAME: Bois bleu; Bois de bitte
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A tree reaching 20m high. Bark grayish, pale, and slender. Leaves dense, of a dark gray colour. Leaves alternate, distant to one another, petiole 5-10mm long, generally turn black when dry, limb elliptical or oval-elliptical, suppressed at the tip and base, glabrous, adult stage coriaceous. Flowers 1-4, pedicels 5-8mm long, glabrous or bear very short hairs. Male and female flower present. Fruit globose to ellipsoidal, yellowish orange with brown points dispersed on it.
 
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lautembergia neraudiana
COMMON NAME: Bois caf-caf; Kafkaf
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 6m high, trunk 15cm diameters, bark brownish pink, quite smooth. Branches usually grooved becoming hard by the presence of lenticels and persistent protuberances onto which are inserted the leaves. Leaves sometimes grouped in pseudo-whorl, sometimes distant, petiole 3-10cm long, limb oboval to elliptical at the tip, generally obtuse or rounded at the base. Male inflorescence multiflore, usually grouped on the branches which are slender and ramified from the base, 12cm long, short hairs, +_ velvet. Flower bud is 1-2mm long, +_ tetragonal. Female inflorescence is in raceme, 7cm long having same hairiness as male inflorescence, lobes triangular. Capsule rounded, trilobed, 7-8mm long. Flowers rarely.
 
(v) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Macaranga mauritiana
COMMON NAME: Bois violon
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Small tree, 15 to 20 feet high, with stout branchlets marked by the scars of fallen leaves. Young parts clothed with brown tomentum, which entirely disappears from the mature leaves. Leaves are subcoriaceous, glabrous, ½-1 foot long, entire, deltoid at the apex, equally rounded at the base, nearly as broad as long; petiole 3-4 inch long. Flowers are of both sexes on ascending peduncles from the axils of the crowded leaves. Males in dense clusters, sessile, terminal and lateral on the peduncles, subtended by tomentose foliaceous bracts with large glands near the edge. Female flowers few to a peduncle. Type of fruits: Capsule follicular, glabrous, half an inch long, obliquely globose, crowned by the remains of the cylindrical style and large lanceolate stigma.
16. 
FAMILY: FLACOURTIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Casaeria coriacea
COMMON NAME: Bois callant
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or small tree reaching 7-8m high, young branches in zigzag, bark reddish brown, with numerous lenticels. Leaves have limb of variable form, size and texture, more or less oval, oboval, elliptical or oblong, obtuse or rounded at the tip, cuneiform at the base, glabrous. Inflorescence is in fascicles, axillary, 3-6 flowers, pedicels slender and glabrous, 3-8mm long. Flowers are greenish white. Fruit oblong or conical. 1.5-2.5cm long, 0.8cm diameter. Flower season November – March. Fruit season May – June.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Casaeria tinifolia
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 6-7m high, trunk about 15cm diameter, young branches a little zigzag, bark reddish brown, with numerous lenticels. Leaves have limb, entire, glabrous, more or less oval, elliptical or oblong, obtuse at the tip. Inflorescence is axillary, in fascicles of 2-3 flowers, pedicels glabrous, 0.8-1.5cm long. Flowers are yellowish white. Ripe fruit and seed not seen.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Scolopia heterephylla
COMMON NAME: Bois goyave
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Morne seche
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 6-7m high, trunk 20-30cm diameter, rarely reaching 15m high and trunk 70cm diameter, sometimes ramified from the base. Bark of trunk platanoid. Young branches pubescent, adult ones with brownish gray bark and with numerous lenticels. Leaves of variable form and size, sometimes on the same branches. Adult leaves have limb that are more or less oval, oval-oblong, obtuse or rounded and sometimes emarginated at the tip, cuneiform to round at the base. Flowers hermaphrodite or sometimes only male flowers present that are solitary in fascicles. Pedicles 4-8mm long, glabrous. Petals 1-3, sometimes absent. Fruit is bacciform, spherical, 2-3cm diameters at maturity.
 
17. 
FAMILY: HERNANDIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hernandia nymphaeifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois blanc
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Big tree reaching 10-20m high, bark smooth, pale pinkish brown. Leaves with petiole 1-5cm above at the base of limb which is 5-17cm long, glabrous, reddish limb oval, pointed or obtuse at the tip, rounded or rarely twisted at the base, thin coriaceous, glabrous. Inflorescence is in thyrsus, multiflore and ramified. Male flowers are ‘3-mere’. Female flowers are ‘4-mere’. Drupe black, ellipsoidal, armed at the tip of an obtuse hump.
 
18. 
FAMILY: ICACINACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Apodytes dimidiata
COMMON NAME: Bois bleu; Bois Marie
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching a height of 10 cm. Flowers are minute and white with fragrance. Fruit small changing into a dark purple colour when ripe. Found in forest of middle to high altitude.
 
19. 
FAMILY: LABIATAE
(i)
 SCIENTIFIC NAME: Plectranthus madagascariensis
COMMON NAME: Baume du perou
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb, with a procumbent rootstock, from which issue many spreading or erect densely pilose stems 1-2 feet long. Leaves are petioled, roundish, crenate, thick, densely pilose, ½ - 1 inch long. Flowers: Raceme, 3-6 in. long of many distant, dense whorls of 10-12 flowers each, bracteated, by lanceolate, minute leaves, pedicels very short
20. 
FAMILY: LAURACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocotea laevigata
COMMON NAME: Bois de canelle blanc
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Petrin
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching very big in height. Young parts and siblings vegetatives and inflorescence are glabrous. Twigs gray or brown, more slender than those of Ocotea mascarena . leaves with petiole 1-2.5cm long, quite hard, limb elliptical to subcircular, pointed to obtuse at the tip, cuneiform to rounded at the base, coriaceous. Inflorescence in bundles, glabrous, 1-2cm long. Flowers with glabrous receptacles and tepals. Ripe fruit not seen.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocotea lancilimba
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A tree or shrub with twigs glabrous, bearing very small lenticels. Leaves have petiole quite slender, 1-1.5cm long, limb strictly elliptical, acuminate at the tip, pointed at the base, coriaceous and glabrous. Bundles axillary associated with less distinct vegetative siblings. Pedicels slender, 3.5mm long. Flowers with obconical receptacle, 1mm high. Ripe fruit not seen.
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocotea mascarena
COMMON NAME: Bois de canelle blanc
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A tree reaching at times very big; twigs are gray or brown. Leaves with petiole thick and large, 1-2cm long, limb strictly oval, elliptical to oval or oboval, pointed or rounded at the tip, cuneiform or rounded base. Flowers seem to be in panicles, in bundles on young parts. Flowers with quite thick pedicels, 1-3mm long. Fruit 3.5cm long, oblong
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ocotea obtusata
COMMON NAME: Bois de canelle blanc; Bois de canelle ruge
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or tree of 15m high in Reunion, 6-9m in Mauritius, twigs brown or gray. Young parts, inflorescence and siblings vegetative. Leaves with petiole 1-2cm long, limb oboval or elliptical to subcircular, rounded at the tip, twisted at the base. Juvenile leaves strictly oval . inflorescence in bundles on young parts and short. Pedicels slender, 3-5mm long. Flower white with small receptacle, obconical. Fruit 2.5cm long, ellipsoidal.
 
21. 
FAMILY: LEEACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Leea guineensis
COMMON NAME: Bois sureau; Bois boeuf
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching the height of 2-10 metre. Bud is straight, less branched and rethread at the knot. Leaves are composite and grouped at the extremities of branches. Flowers are small on loose bunch and in the colour range coral red to orange. Indigenous. Found in forest and ravine and shady places. Used as antiseptic, detergent and as a cure for ulcer, wound and tambave.
 
22. 
FAMILY: LILACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Astelia hemichryse
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Petrin
DESCRIPTION: Rhizotomous herb, +-cespiteuse. Leaves are linear, gradually attenuated at the tip, glabrous, with thin epidermal scales on the upper surface, and on the lower surface the scales are appressed, brownish, hairs are found at the base. Peduncle is 30-60cm long, densely covered with hairy scales. Inflorescence reaching 2cm long; male inflorescence is +- loose; female inflorescence is more dense. Flowers are sessile. Fruit is orange yellow.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Cordyline mauritiana
COMMON NAME: Bois de chandelle
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Mare-longue
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or bush, dioecious, totally glabrous, usually is an epiphyte having two types of roots, whereby one surrounds the host and the other creeping on the bark of the host and descending into the soil, do not form any trunk, with branches of 1-3cm in diameter. Leaves are spatulate, narrowly oboval, gradually reduced near the base and the tip is pointed. Small branches carry clusters of flowers that are white tinted with purple, very numerous. Fruit is black, +- spherical, 3-6mm in diameter.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dracaena concinna
COMMON NAME: Bois de chandelle
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Gunner's Quoin
DESCRIPTION: Bush of 3-4m high, with big trunk, +- conical; bark is rough, grayish brown. Leaves are yellowish green, grouped at the top of the branches, sessile, linear-elliptical, acuminate, gradually reduced at the base, red margin. Inflorescence 30-40cm long, straight, hardy, ramified, with numerous flowers. Flowers are 2.5mm long. Fruit is obovoid to globose.
 
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lomatophyllum purpureum
COMMON NAME: Mazambron marron; mazambron
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Yemen
DESCRIPTION: Plant which is bushy. Bud is simple, slender and thin, reaching 3m high, 7-10cm in diameter at the base. Leaves are in terminal rosette, attenuated at the tip, dark green, washed with brown, fleshy, with margin narrowly bordered with pink or red, short, close near the base, well spaced near the top. Peduncle of 20-30cm long. Panicule of several up to10 bunch. Fruit is a berry of 2cm in diameter, subglobose.
 
23. 
FAMILY: LINACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hugonia serrata
COMMON NAME: Liane a crochets
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A woody climber, with branchlets and sepals densely clothed with bright brown silky hairs. Leaves are short-petioled, obovate-oblong, cumeate at the base, 3-4 in. long, obtuse or acute, glabrous, except tufts of hairs in the axils of the main veins beneath; stipules lanceolate, deciduous. Flowers: Corymbs closely many-flowered. Corolla having bright yellow petals. Type of fruits: Drupe the size of a large pea, brown, pulpy.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hugonia tomentosa
COMMON NAME: Liane a crochets
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: General habit, tendrills, inflorescence and flower-structure just as in H.serrata. Leaves are 4-6 inches long, broader, obtuse or cuspidate, entire or obscurely crenulate, persistently clothed all over below and thinly at first above with brown silky pubescence. Type of fruits: Drupe the size of a cherry.
 
24. 
FAMILY: LOGANIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Geniostoma angustifolium
COMMON NAME: Bois de piment; bois cassant
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Geniostoma pedunculatum
COMMON NAME: Bois piment
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched low shrub, with very slender shortly pilose branchlets. Leaves are distinctly petioled, obovate-cuneate, membraneous, obtuse, glabrous, ½ -3/4 in. long. Flowers are up to 6 in axillary fascicular, rarely with a common peduncled. Corolla: 1/12 in. long and as broad when expanded. Capsule fusiform, ¼ -1/3 in. long.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Geniostoma sp.
COMMON NAME: Bois de piment; bois cassant
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nuxia verticillata
COMMON NAME: Bois maigre
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A glabrous shrub or low tree, with moderately stout rather angular branches. Leaves with distinctly petioled, oblong, subcoriaceous, 3-5 in. long, subacute,cuneate at the base. Flowers are borne in spaced clusters on the branches of a very compound panicle a span long and broas, the lower branches of which are subtended by large leaves. Types of fruit: capsule a little longer than the persistent calyx.
 
25. 
FAMILY: LORANTHACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bakerella hoyifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois fier
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Branches pale gray, commonly with well developed lenticels. Leaves opposed, sometimes alternate, petiole 4-12mm long, limb oboval or oval – elliptical, obtuse, rounded at the tip, cuneiform at the base,. Inflorescence in axillary ombelles, subsessile, 2-5 flowers, solitary, peticels 4mm long.
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Korthalsella opuntia
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: Tiges 15cm or more in length, the principal one having till 15 nodes
 
26. 
FAMILY: LYTHRACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nesaea triflora
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A slender annual, glabrous throughout, branched at the base, with quandrangular stems a foot long. Leaves are nearly sessile, oblong or lanceolate, an inch long. Flowers are 3 together in peduncled cymes from the axils of the leaves, subtended by a pair of lanceolate bracts. Types of fruit: capsule round, fragile, immersed in the calyx-tube.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pemphis acidula
COMMON NAME: Bois matelot
STATUS: Not threatened
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched shrub, 2-4 feet high, with terete branchlets. Leaves are crowded, short-petioled,oblong or lanceolate, ½ - 1 in. long, subcoriaceous, 1-nerved, rather silky. Flowers are solitary, from the axils of the leaves, on short hairy pedicels. Corolla: Petals white, crumpled, obovate-unguiculate, as long as the calyx, deciduous. Capsule crustaceous, fragile, as large as the calyx-tube.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tetrataxis salicifolia
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION: Cascade 500ft
DESCRIPTION: A shrub, glabrous in all its parts, with quadrangular branches. Leaves are opposite, short-petioled, ovate-lanceolate, acute, 2-3 in. long, rigidly subcoriaceous, penninerved. Flowers: 1-3 on erect axillary peduncles an inch long, with a pair of linear-oblong deciduous bracteoles to each.
 
27. 
FAMILY: MALVACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Urena lobata
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Unknown
LOCATION: Le Pouce
DESCRIPTION: A strong much-branched erect shrubby herb, with short pilose young branches. Leaves are short-petioled, 3-4 in. broad and long, firm, pale green and finely pilose beneath, inciso-crenate, shallowly, palmately 3-5-lobed in the upper half. Pedicels very short; bracteoles linear, exceeding the calyx.
 
28. 
FAMILY: MELASTOMATACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Memecylon cordatum
COMMON NAME: Bois bleu; Bois de Mays
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched shrub, with slender terete branchlets. Leaves are sessile, rigidly coriaceous, shining penninerved, 3-6 in. long, acute or subobtuse, cordate at the base, the basal lobes sometimes imbricating. Flowers are borne in distinctly peduncled cymes from the swollen nodes. Corolla: Petals deltoid, as long as the calyx.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Memecylon myrtiforme
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Vulnerable
LOCATION: Cabinet
DESCRIPTION: It differs from M. ovatifolium by its cylindrical branches and by its leaves, which are in general smaller and small fruit, about 7mm in diameter.
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Memecylon ovatifolium
COMMON NAME: Bois canne
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 4m or more high, glabrous, branches 4angled bulged at the node. Leaves have reddish petiole of 2-3mm long, limb coriaceous, edges very thick, oval-to-oval oblong. Obtuse at the tip, rounded to sub-cuneiform at the base. Flowers solitary or grouped at the nodes in numerous peduncle cymes. Peduncles have 1-5 flowers, 1-5mm in length, associated with a pair of bract leaves at the top. Petals white, deltoid, 2,5mm long. Fruit globose, 9mm in diameter, yellow at maturity.
 
29.
FAMILY: MELIACEAE
(i) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea casimiriana
COMMON NAME: Bois quivi
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION: Bras d'eau
DESCRIPTION: Indigenous small tree. Found in dry region. Distinguished by its changing foliage which can be entire, incised, lobed and pinatifid.
 
 (ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea decandra
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea laciniata
COMMON NAME: Bois balais
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea oppositifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois café, Bois café marron, Bois quivi
STATUS: Rare
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(v) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea ovata
COMMON NAME: Bois quivi
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(vi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea rigida
COMMON NAME: Bois café, Bois café marron
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION: A bush or tree glabrous throughout. Leaves are alternate, short-petioled, entire, firm, obtuse or acute, 4-6 in. long, penninerved. Flowers are found in sessile fascicles from nodes of branches or old wood. Corolla: Tubular, at first silky on outside.
 
(vii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Turraea trichopoda
COMMON NAME:
STATUS: Endangered
LOCATION:
DESCRIPTION:
 
30.
FAMILY: MONIMIACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monimia ovalifolia
COMMON NAME: Mapou
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A low tree, with thinly pilosed, terete branchlets. Leaves are opposite, short-petioled, obovate, with a cuneate base, very coriaceous pale green and rough with raised points on the upper surface, clothed with thin whitish lepidote tomentum below. Male flowers not seen. Female flowers 3-10 together, on very short pedicels, in peduncle umbels or cymes.
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa amplifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour
LOCATION: Yemen
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Branchlets stout, glabrous, terete. Leaves are alternate, on very short, channeled petioles, oblong, cuneate at the base, deltoid or rounded with a cusp at the apex, ½-1 foot long, subcoriaceous, with distinct main veins and visible intermediate reticulate venules. Flowers are solitary on short pedicels from the axils of the leaves. Fruits are conical, crowded, ½ an in. long.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa cocottensis
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour
LOCATION: Mt Cocotte
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa cordifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa ficus
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour, Pot de chambe jacot
LOCATION: Mt Lion
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
(vi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa peltata
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour
LOCATION: Corps de garde
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Branchlets slender, glabrous, terete. Leaves are opposite or alternate, obovate or oblong, obtuse or sub acute, deltoid at the base, 1-2 in. long, pale green, with only the fine main veins distinctly visible. Flowers are solitary from the nodes on the branchlets on pedicels nder an in. long. Male perianth expanded while female perianth unexpanded.
 
(vii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa quadrifida
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour, Pomme de singe
LOCATION: Yemen
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A tree 20-30 feet high, slender terete glabrous branchlets. Leaves are opposite or casually sub-alternate; blade obovate, obtuse, cuneate at the base, 2-4 in. long, sub-coriaceous, deep green above, paler green beneath with fine main vein. Flowers are dioecious, varying from solitary in the axils of the leaves to 10 or 12 in a raceme, ½ a foot long, rarely in cymes at the end of leafy branchlets. Pedicels shorter or not much longer than the flowers
 
(viii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa sieberi
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour
LOCATION: Brise fer
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: Known only by the male inflorescence, which forms a peduncle deltoid panicle nearly a foot long, with a few spreading branches, which is like the rachis. Flowers have perianth that is coriaceous, ½-5/8 in. long, splitting down beyond the middle into four spreading lanceolate-deltoid lobes.
 
(ix)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tambourissa tetragona
COMMON NAME: Bois tambour
LOCATION: Mt Cocotte
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Branchlets quite glabrous, tetragonous, compressed and dilated at the top. Leaves are opposite, lanceolate or narrow oblong, shortly pointed, narrows to the base, shortly petioled, with obscure venation. Male flowers in dense subspicate racemes.
 
31.
FAMILY: MORACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ficus laterifolia
COMMON NAME: Figuier blanc
LOCATION: Curepipe nursery
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Terrestrial tree reaching 12m high. Branches foliated, thick by 1.5-4mm, glabrous. Leaves with limb oval to oblong, pointed at the tip, sub-twisted to rounded at the base. Inflorescence is solitary or sometimes in pairs, peduncle 1-5mm long with firm minute hairs.
 
32.
FAMILY: MYCTAGINACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pisonia grandis
COMMON NAME: Bois mapou
LOCATION: Morne seche; cabinet
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:      
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pisonia costata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A tree reaching a height of 30-40 feet, with stout unarmed corky branchlets. Leaves are crowded at the end of the branchlets, petiole 1-11/2 in. long. Male corymbs are 2-3 in. broad, very dense, and with brown-pubescent branchlets. Pedicels may be absent or very small.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pisonia lanceolata
COMMON NAME: Mapou
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
33.
FAMILY: MYOPORACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Myoporum mauritianum
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched glabrous gland-dotted shrub with viscose branchlets. Leaves are crowded towards the end of the branchlets, sub-coriaceous, lanceolate, nearly sessile, 2 in. long, acute, narrowed from the middle, entire or finely serrated. Flowers are 1-2 together in the axils of each leaf, on pedicels. Corolla campanulate, conspicuously gland-dotted; lobes round. Drupes are the size of a small pea.
 
34.
FAMILY: MYRSINACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula balfouriana
COMMON NAME: Bois papaye
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 6m high, with trunk of about 20cm in diameter. Bark brown and rough, reddish inside. Twigs are thick, with enlarged base. Leaves are generally grouped on top of the twigs, with hardy petiole, 5-12mm long, red; lamina with red midrib beneath and red margin, a bit revoluted, heterophyllous, elliptical, obtuse or rounded, rarely pointed on the tip, glabrous. Inflorescence axillary, borne among the bunch of terminal leaves, 20-50 flowers. Fruit globose, slightly depressed on top, 10-13mm in diameter.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula crassa
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Thick twigs with bark+-greyish white; young parts have short hairs, reddish, +-dense. Leaves with petiole always present and distinct from the decurrent base of the lamina, 5-10mm long, lamina glabrous, coriaceous, elliptical to oboval, and obtuse on top. Inflorescences paniculees, very short, 2-3cm long, with very short hairs, reddish dense; flowers inserted along the whole length of the cyme of the inflorescence, with hardy pedicels. Fruit about 4mm in diameter, covered with very small hairs.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula insularis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small tree tuft, straight reaching 7m high, often flowering when still young. Leaves with petiole +- flattened, 5-10mm long. The lamina is oboval, with rounded or obtuse tip, glabrous, with flattened margin or slightly turns up. Inflorescence is axillary, 2-7cm long. Bough 8-10, each carrying up to 8 flowers. Fruit reaching 7mm in diameter.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula multiflora
COMMON NAME: Bois nacre
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or small tree. Twigs are glabrous. Leaves are grouped at the extremity of the twigs with petiole; lamina is elliptical-oboval, pointed or obtuse, and glabrous. Inflorescence in axillary’s cluster, carrying a maximum of 50 flowers. Fruit, 4-5mm in diameter when dry, blackish, glabrous, finely grooved.
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula platyphylla
COMMON NAME: Bois nacre
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: Shrub. Leaves are sessile or with hardy petiole, 5mm long or more,; lamina is elliptical or oboval, pointed or more often obtuse, coriaceous when dry and glabrous. Axillary inflorescence, borne on the leafy part of the bough, in a long cluster, ramified with about 20 boughs each carrying about 15 pink whitish flowers; peduncle and rachis, +- crossed.
 
(vi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula reticulata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small tree, little or sometimes not ramified, slender and thin, reaching 3-4m high. Leaves are sessile with hardy petiole, 1cm long; lamina, olong-elliptical, poited or obtuse at the tip, coriaceous, glabrous with either flat margin or revoluted margin. Inflorescence axillary, borne among the leaves, hanging, 30-50cm long, in ramified clusters, about 20 branches quite distant, with no flower in the half basal part, carrying each 10 pinkish flowers in the other half. Fruit unknown.
 
(vii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Badula ……..
COMMON NAME: Bois nacre
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
35.
FAMILY: MYRTACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia bojerie
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: A creeping shrub with ultimate branchlet, angular with wrinkled drab bark. Leaves are short-petioled, oblong, 1-11/2 foot long, 4-5 in. broad at the middle, acute, cuneate or rounded at the base, coriaceous, with copious raised erecto-patent venules meeting in a prominent intramarginal vein. Flowers are in cymes, few-flowered, sessile, lateral, sometimes copiously branched, and bearing lonely rudimentary flowers; pedicels with a pair of bracteoles near the top. Petals are quite free.
 
(ii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia hastilis
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION: Bras d'eau
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or small tree with rounded branches, puberulent at the juvenile stage and pale gray in colour. Leaves have petiole 1-3mm long, glabrous, limbe oboval to elliptical, obtuse to point at the tip, cuneiform at the base, glabrous, and coriaceous. Flowers solitary. Flower season March – June.
 
(iii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia lucida
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or small bushy tree, reaching 4m in height; bark platanoid, black, grey/pinkish in colour; branches puberulentes/ tomentose in the juveniles, glabrous, sometimes pinkish. Leaves with petiole 2-10 mm long, puberulent in the juveniles, finally glabrous, and sometimes reddish; limb of adult leaves oval, largely elliptical to sub circular. Flowers are solitary. Floral bud is piriform, reddish green. Flower disc 6-8mm in diameter, tomentose, pink. Berry globose to elliptical, 2-2,5cm long, +_ glabrous, 8mm in diameter. Flowering season is January – April. 
 
(iv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia orbiculata
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: A very branched shrub or small tree reaching a height of 3-6m, branches are red and puberulent at the juvenile stage, being glabrous in later stage. Leaves have petiole 1-3mm long, limb of young leaves oblong, strictly oboval or strictly elliptical, limb of adult leaves oval, elliptical or +_ circular, obtuse at the tip and twisted at the base, dark green on the upper side, pale grayish green below, generally coriaceous. Flowers solitary, generally found in 1-2 pairs present on the basal region of a foliated branch. Flowering bud piriform. Petals sub circular, 4-5mm long, white. Flowering disc tomentose, 5mm in diameter. Berry globose, 10mm in diameter.
 
(v) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia pollicina
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrubby tree reaching 4m high with pale reddish brown bark, which is easily detached in thin plaque. Branches are rounded, grayish brown, glabrous. Leaves having petiole 1-3mm long, glabrous, limb oboval to elliptical, cuneiform at the base, glabrous, radiant green above, pale grayish green below, finely coriaceous to thick and rigid. Flowers solitary and found on defoliated branches, commonly sessile, with peduncle reaching 4mm high. Flowering bud puberulant, grayish. Petals +_ circular, about 2,5mm long,white.
(vi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia sieberi
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A bushy shrub reaching the height of 4m, bark platanoid, branches rounded, ferruginous to tomentose. Leaves with petiole 3-8mm long, limb oboval to elliptical, obtuse at the tip, cuneiform or obtuse at the base, ferruginous to yellowish above, commonly have very small brownish hairs, coriaceous. Flowers solitary, 1-4 in pairs situated at the basal region of foliated branches. Flower bud turbinate, flower disc 5-6mm diameter, tomentose. Berry ellipsoid, 10mm long, 6-7mm in diameter.
 
(vii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia tinifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A bushy shrub or small tree reaching 6-7 m high, trunk 20-30cm in diameter, bark pale brown, detached in plaque, branches tomentose to brownish. Leaves having petiole 10-25mm long, tomentose, limb largely elliptical or oval to obtuse or pointed at the tip, cuneiform or obtuse at the base. Flowers solitary, sometimes 2-3 pairs disposed in racemes on foliated branches, peduncles bear rarely 3 flowers and so the central flower is sessile, the lateral ones have peduncles 4-6mm. Flower bud turbinate. Flower disc 10 mm in diameter, tomentose, becoming concave in the fruit. Berry globose or ellipsoid, 10-20mm long, tomentose, becoming fragile when when dry. Flower season August – January
 
(viii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Eugenia vaughanii
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 4m high; smooth bark, pinkish and grey; twigs tomentose or glabrous; lamina subcircular, obtuse at the tip, rounded at the base, sober green, shiny above, yellowish green beneath, criaceous. Median vein prominent beneath. Flowers in axil of the leaves or in pairs or solitary near the nodes. Petals are oboval, white, with margin tomentose. Berry ellipsoid.
 
(ix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monimiastrum acunsepalum
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 2m high, branches brownish gray, puberulent, rounded or weakly 4-gones at the base of nodes. Leaves having petiole 3-5mm long, thich by 2-3mm, puberulent, limb sub circular and elliptical, obtuse or sometimes pointed at the tip, rounded at the base, coriaceous and rigid, limb of yellow to yellowish green flowers have short grayish hairs or minute pinkish hairs. Flowers solitary on basal region of foliated leaves, sessile, with peduncle reaching 4mm in height and +_ flat. Flower bud fusiform. Petals subcircular, 3.5-4.5mm long, white crème, inserted at the top of floral tube. Flower disc tomentose. Berry ellipsoid, pale brownish gray in colour. Flower season October – December.
(x) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monimiastrum fasciculatum
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: Small tree, branches whitish, rounded or weakly 4-gones at the base of nodes. Leaves having petiole of 5-10mm long, thick by 1.5-2mm, glabrous or puberulent, limb elliptical or oval to elliptical, obtuse or pointed at the tip, obtuse a the base, glabrous, finely coriaceous. Flowers sessile or with peduncle reaching 2mm in length, grouped by 3-6 on short protuberances. Flower bud piriform, dense tomentose, formed by grayish or pinkish hairs. Petals are subcircular, 4-5mm in diameter. Flower disc tomentose. Berry globose, 2cm in diameter.
 
(xi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monimiastrum globosum
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Small tree, straight and slender, reaching 5m high, bark grayish brown, branches puberulent or glabrous. Leaves having petiole 2-5mm long, glabrous or puberulent, limb elliptical, sub circular or oval to elliptical, obtuse at the tip, obtuse or +_ truncate at the base, coriaceous. Flower sessile, rarely with peduncle reaching 2mm in length, grouped in 2-5 on short protuberances. Flower bud globose to obovate, rounded at the tip. Petals are sub circular, white. Flower disc tomentose. Berry ellipsoidal or globose, 1-2.5mm diameter, reddish tomentum. Flower season October – November and February – March.
 
(xii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monimiastrum pixidatum
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 2.50m high, branches brownish gray, puberulent at the juvenile stage. Leaves having petiole 2-7mm, puberulent, limb elliptical to sub circular, obtuse at the tip like at the base, glabrous, sub coriaceous and with margin commonly revolute. Flowers solitary inserted by 1-2 pairs, peduncles 5-25mm long, puberulent. Flower bud is piriform, pale yellowish green. Petals are sub circular, 3-4mm diameter. Disc tomentose. Fruit not known.
(xiii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monimiastrum psidioideum
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub slender or bushy reaching 2m high, branches grayish brown, puberulant at the juvenile stage. Leaves having petiole 2-5mm long, +_ glabrous, limb elliptical, obtuse or pointed at the tip, obtuse at the base, coriaceous. Flowers solitary, peduncle 2-12mm long, thick by 1-1.5mm. Flower bud piriform, the tip is round. Petals subcircular, 3-4mm in diameter, white, inserted at the top of the floral tube. Flower disc tomentose. Berry globose or ellipsoidal, reaching 3cm in length smooth glabrous, olive green in colour, pale yellow pulp. Flower season March – May. Fruit in July.
 
(xiv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium balfourii
COMMON NAME: Bois de clous
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: A shrub, glabrous, reaching 5m high, twigs rounded, bark whitish. Leaves with petiole 10-15mm long, limb oblong or strictly oval, pointed at the tip, cuneiform to obtuse at the base, sub coriaceous. Inflorescence terminal, in thyrsus of 15-25 flowers, 6-10cm long, branches 4-gones. Flowers ‘4-mere’, grouped in 3 at the top of branches. Terminal flowers have pseudo-pedicel 2-3mm long and lateral ones are sessile. Flower bud turbinate. Petal +_circular, free, 3mm in diameter white. Fruit turbinate.
 
(xv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium commersonii
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION: Brise fer; Perrier
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 4m high, glabrous, sometimes creeping and branches low, bark reddish brown, twigs rounded, brownish. Leaves with petiole 2-4mm long, limb oval or oval elliptical, pointed to acuminer at the tip, and obtuse or sub - twisted at the base, coriaceous. Inflorescence is cauliflores, ramiflore, peduncles slender, 1-2.5cm long, generally pendulous. Flowers are ‘4-mere’, flower bud turbinate, pinkish green. Petals grouped loosely between them, forming a calytre of 6-7mm diameter, pink. Disc dark yellow orange. Berry is globose to ellipsoid, purple or red in colour, pendulous with flesh mauve in colour. Flower season March – May.
 
(xvi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium contractum
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION: Mt Lagrave
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or tree, glabrous, reaching a height of 10m, bark pinkish brown, thin, plaques are not detachable, twigs rounded. Leaves with 5mm long, 3-4mm thick, limb largely oboval, elliptical or subcircular, obtuse or pointed at the tip, obtuse or sometimes twisted at the base, coriaceous, dark green above, grayish green below. Inflorescence terminal, formed by thyrsus, disposed in panicles, 3-5cm long, branches reaching 3-4mm in thickness. Flowers ‘4-mere’ inserted at the top of branches in inflorescence, sessile, grouped in 3. Flowers bud piriform to conical, white to reddish, exterior of petals and floral tube bear orange glands, spherical. Petals attached loosely forming a calyptre of 3-4mm, pink or white. Disc pale green. Berry purple reaching 2cm diameter. Fruit season January to March.
 
(xvii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium coriaceum
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: A small shrub, very branch, 1-1.5m high, to small tree with spreading crown and with hard trunk, 6-7m high, glabrous. Twigs tetragonal, grayish. Leaves with coriaceous limb, radiant above, dull below, oboval to elliptical, rounded at the tip, cuneiform to +_ rounded at the base. Inflorescence reddish, in thyrsus, pauci-pluriflores, 1.5-3cm long, peduncles 3-6mm long, flowers 2-3 at the top of branches, rarely in short raceme. Flower bud obconical to +_claviform, 2.5 – 4 mm long. Flowers 4-mere. Petal calyptre, oval to subcircular. Fruit globose becoming black purple at maturity. Flower season January to February. Fruit April (young) to September.
 
(xix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium latifolum (scandens)
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrub, glabrous with slender branches, reaching 5m high, sometimes creeping. Bark smooth, pinkish gray, do not detached, twigs rounded. Leaves with petiole 1-5mm long, 4mm thick, sometimes orange, limb largely oboval, oblong or sub circular, obtuse at the tip, obtuse to sub twisted at the base, coriaceous, dark green above, lighter green below. Inflorescence generally axillary formed in thyrsus, multiflore, 7-12cm long, sometimes disposed in panicles. Flowers 4-mere, sessile, grouped in 3-9 at the top of branches of inflorescence. Flower bud is piriform to turbinate. Petals circular, free, 1-1.5mm long, pinkish to white. Berry globose, 2.2cm diameter. Flower season April – May.
 
(xx)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium mamillatum
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 3.4m high, weakly ramified, trunk 4-10cm diameter sometimes divided at the base in 2 ascending branch, having at the base protuberances florifere, rounded, numerous, twigs slender, a little flat, grayish. Branches cylindrical, grayish to brownish. Inflorescence uniflore, grouped in 2-30 on linear mamelons at the base of trunk. Peduncles 5-8mm long. Flowers ‘4-mere’. Flower bud is ob-conical. Fruit greenish, +_pink to +_ reddish crowded by the green sepals.
(xxi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium mauritianum
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme a grande feuilles
LOCATION: Gaulette seree
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Tree glabrous reaching the height of 9m, bark grayish brown, cracked, twigs rounded. Leaves grouped at the top of branches, sessile, petiole short and thick, 3mm in diameter, limb largely oboval, elliptical or oblong, pointer or obtuse at the tip, twisted at the base, coriaceous or rigid, dark green above, grayish green below. Inflorescence in raceme or thyrsus, pauciflore, reaching 2cm in length, sometimes axillary, forming a calyptre of 6-9mm in diameter, pink in colour, disc yellowish. Berry is ellipsoidal, red-purple. Flower season September – January.
 
(xxii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium petrinense
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 1-2m high or small tree with crowned branches reaching 5m high, trunk 15cm diameter, glabrous, twigs flattened, +_ tetragonal, pale brown to grayish. Leaves pale olive green above, coriaceous, limb elliptical or sub circular, rounded at the tip, rounded or cuneiform at the base, interior side is smooth. Inflorescence in thyrsus pluriflore, flowers are in grouped of 2-3 or sometimes 6-7 at the top of branches. Flower bud is obconical or a little claviform, 4-5mm long. Flowers 4-mere. Petals greenish to +_ purple sub circular to largely oboval. Fruit sub spherical, black purple to dark violet at maturity.
 
(xxiii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium populifolium
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small tree, glabrous, twigs rounded, hard, branches grayish brown or reddish brown. Leaves with petiole 10-14mm, limb oval to sub circular, pointed or obtuse at the tip, rounded or sometimes truncate to twisted at the base, finely coriaceous, dark green above, gray green below. Inflorescence terminal, formed by thyrsus reaching 7cm long, grouped by numerous flowers on hard branches. Flowers 4-mere, sessile, generally grouped in 3 at the top of branches. Flower bud turbinate. Petals circular, about 4mm long, solitary. Berry not found.
 
(xxiv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium rampans
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub glabrous and creeping or small tree, twig straight, dark purple brown, branches grayish. Leaves with petiole reaching 2mm high, limb oval or oval to oblong, pointed at the tip, twisted at the base, coriaceous and with margin very revolute, dark green above, becoming dark purple brown below when dry. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, formed by thyrsus, loose, multiflowers, commonly inserted in panicles, reaching 17cm high. Flowers 4-mere, sessile, in groups of 3 at the top of branches. Flower bud napiform, with a tinge of reddish purple. Petals are oboval, solitary, 1.5-2mm long. Berry not fond. Flower season August – January.
 
(xxv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium vaughanii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub slender, high by 2,50m, or tree 20m high, trunk 40cm in diameter, twigs tetragon, reddish. Leaves have limb that is strictly oboval to elliptical, petiole 0.2 – 0.7cm long, relatively less thick. Inflorescence is in terminal, in thyrsus paniculiforms, 3-3.5cm long, 2cm diameter, reddish. Flowers ‘4-mere’. Flower bud turbinate, petals pink subcircular. Ripe fruit not seen.
 
(xxvi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syzygium venosum
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Mt Lagrave
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub very ramified, or tree reaching 4m in height, glabrous, bark gray, smooth, branches hard, thick ness 5-10mm. Leaves +_ sessile, limb elliptical or oboval, truncate, obtuse at the tip, twisted at the base, radiant green above, pale green below, coriaceous and rigid. Inflorescence is in thyrsus or rarely in raceme, 9-30 flowers, reaching 10cm in length. Flowers 4-mere, 3 at the top of branches, flowering bud conical or turbinate, dark reddish purple. Petals circular, pendulous, loosely attached to each other forming a pinkish calyptre. Disc yellowish. Berry ellipsoid, 2-2,5cm long, 1.2-1.5cm diameter, greenish red, fleshy. Flower season October – December.
 
36.
FAMILY: OLACACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Olax psittacorum
COMMON NAME: Bois de perroquet
LOCATION: Morne seche; Found in dense forest of Quartier Militare and Bois Cherie.
STATUS: Endangered; Endemic to Reunion and Mauritius.
DESCRIPTION: Small tree with small fragrant white flowers. Fruit ligneous or woody and reddish in colour.
 
37.
FAMILY: OLEACEA
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chionanthus ayresii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small tree; grey bark; twigs are cylindrical, glabrous or young parts are pubescent. Leaves with petiole 2-5mm long, glabrous; lamina oboval or subcircular, sometimes elliptical, obtuse at the tip, rounded at the base, coriaceous, shiniy on the upper surface. Inflorescence axillary, pauciflores, 3-8mm long. Peduncle tetragonal; flowers are sessile and petals are free. Fruit is ellipsoidal.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chionanthus boutonii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 5m high; bark is white; twigs are cylindrical, glabrous. Leaves with petiole 5-10mm, hardy, glabrous. Blade is oboval or elliptical, obtuse and cuspidate at the tip, coriaceous, shiny on the upper surface. Inflorescence, 2-5 times ramified. Flowers are sessile but the terminal flowers can be mobile; petals are oblong, 2.5-3mm long, coherent in pairs. Fruit is ovoid or elliptical, hexagonal.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chionanthus broomeana
COMMON NAME: Bois sandal; Bois santal
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching 18m high. The bark is dark grey; twigs lenicellees. Leaves with petiole 5-20mm long, glabrous or pubescent; lamina elliptical, narrowly oboval, obtuse, pointed at the tip, coriaceous, cartace ou herbace when young, glabrous, shiny on the upper surface, ponctue on the lower surface. Petals 3-4.5mm long, oblong, free or coherent at the base by pairs. Fruit is ellipsoidal or ovoid, 6-8-gone, slate blue, thick pedicel.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Jasminum fluminense
COMMON NAME: Jasmin du pays
LOCATION: Found in low land forest
STATUS: Rare; Indigenous
DESCRIPTION: White flower. Indigenous. Found in low land forest
Small shrub creeping, reaching 3m high; young and inflorescent parts are puberulent to tomentose. Leaves trifoliolees; folioles oval, heart-shaped, tronquees or rounded at the base, pointed or obtuse at the tip, +- glabrous; white corolla; lobes narrow, pointed, 10-15mm long. Fruit with ellipsoidal lobes, 3-6mm in diameter.
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Olea europaea
COMMON NAME: Olivier de Borubon
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or tree reaching 6m high. Leaves with petiole, 3-10mm long; lamina very narrowly oval or linearly-oval, rarely spatulate, pointed or obtuse at the tip, subcoriaceous , dark green and shiny on superior surface. Short inflorescence, axillary, 2-7cm long. Terminal flowers with short pedicle, lateral flowers are sessile white flowers. Fruit: drupe turning black or prune, subspherical or oval found in the forest of low altitude. 
 
38.
FAMILY: PALMAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Acanthophoenix rubra
COMMON NAME: Palmiste rouge; Palmiste epineux;Palmiste
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Palm 60 feet high. Leaves are 6-12 feet long; petiole glabrous, 2-4 in. long, thickly covered with long brown – black spines; pinnate slightly glaucous beneath. Branches are stout, subtended by linear-lanceolate bracts. Flower spadix 2 ½ - 3 ½ feet long; peduncle 6-10 in. long, like the lower part of the branches, armed with straight spines. Fruits are globose, 1/3 – 3/8 in. diameter, with a prominent ridge extending from the stigma to the base.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dictyosperma album
COMMON NAME: Palmiste de L'ile Ronde
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Trunk reaching 20m high, 8-16cm in diameter, often enlarged at the base, brown grey. Leaves with sheath that have grey tomentose, white, brown. Tomentose on the upper surface. Inflorescence. Flowers are yellow-brown. Fruit is black or purple black, 2cm long.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hyophorbe amaricaulis
COMMON NAME: Curepipe botanical garden
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Palm 60 feet high, with a bottle-shaped stem 15-24 in. diameter near the base, slightly diminishing upwards to the base of the leaf-sheaths, and there abruptly constricted. Leaf-sheath cylindrical; petiole 12-18 in long, somewhat trigonous, grooved on the face, pinnate in 40-60 pairs, lanceolate, acuminate, 18 in. long, 2 in. broad, with the central and 1 lateral vein on each side prominent on the upper surface, and several secondary veins also prominent beneath, which are clothed towards the base with subrigid lanceolate scales. Flower spadix are in clustered branches; peduncle a foot long. Fruits are elliptic-oblong.
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hyophorbe lagenicaulis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: The trunk reaches a height of 5m or longer, very broad at the base, 70cm in diameter. Leaves are 4-6, the sheath is green and waxy-blue green, petiole 12-18cm long, scales are pale brown, pilose or tomentose. Inflorescence is 77cm long, 3 times branched. Flowers are 4-8, in linear groups. Fruits are ellipsoid, sometimes sub-globose, black or sometimes orange when mature and 2-2.5cm long.
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Latania loddigestii
COMMON NAME: Palmiste marron
LOCATION: Ile Ronde
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: Palm 50 ft high. Leaves have petiole 3-41/2 ft long, tomentose, the margin entire in the mature, spiny in the young plant; the primary veins beneath slightly tomentose and tinged with red, especially in young plants. Flowers perianth 3/8 in. long; segments not fringed. Drupes are obovoid or pyriform, trigonous, 21/2 in. long.
(vi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tectiphiala ferox
COMMON NAME: Latanier bleu; Latanier de Maurice
LOCATION: Gouly Pere; In highlands
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: The trunk reaches the height of 2m and 15cm in diameter, the juveniles having grayish black spines of 18cm long. Leaves are about 10, crowned, the sheath reaching 80cm in length, with dark brown hairiness and flat, blackish spines, petiole about 20cm long. Inflorescence reaches a height of 30cm. The fruit is blue-black in colour, dark at maturity, fleshy and 11-12mm long.
 
39.
FAMILY: PANDANACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus barklyi
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A small tree, 5-8 ft high, with slender decumbent stems and branches with adventitious roots from all parts. Leaves are 1-3 ft long, ¾ - 2 in broad, blade reduplicate on each side of the midrib, tapering to a long point, dark green above, glaucescent beneath, the margins and midrib armed throughout or at the base and tip only with short spines, green at first but turning red. Drupes are purple, compressed 11/2- 2 in long.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus carmichaelii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus conglomeratus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: A small tree, 12-15 ft high, with a slender trunk, semi-decumbent and sparingly branched. Leaves are 3-12 ft long, 2-5 in. broad, narrowed gradually to a point, pale green, with the midrib and edges armed with long white unequal ascending spines. Drupes are 1-11/2 in. long, slightly compressed.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus drupaceus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A low tree, about 12 ft high, with a light gray stem about 8 in. in diameter, which is at first decumbent and branches free. Leaves are firm, pale green, 3-6 ft long, 5-6 in. broad, the thickened red margins armed with red closely-set strongly incurved spines from the middle to the tip; midrib very prominent, spiny at the tip.
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus eydouxia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: A flat-topped tree 20 ft high, with a slate coloured stem, 8-9 in. in diameter, with many short spiny knobs, the numerous branches ending in tufts of drooping leaves. Leaves are very firm in texture, tapering to a long point, dark green, glaucous, 5-7 ft long, 3-5 in. broad, the slightly thickened margins irregularly armed with red-tipped spines; midrib prominent on the upper surface, spiny above the middle.
 
(vi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus glaucocephalus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION:
 
(vii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus heterocarpus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: An erect tree, about 20 ft high, with a light brown stem 5-7 in. in diameter, which branches freely so as to form a regular dome-like head, the tufts of leaves either erect or drooping. Leaves are firm, 1 ½ - 3 feet long, 1 ½ - 21/2 in. broad, pale or dark green often glaucent at the base. The pink edges armed throughout or except at the middle with very sharp red spines; midrib slightly tinged with red
 
(viii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus incertus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(ix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus microcarpus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A small tree or shrub with a light dun - coloured smooth stem 3-4 in. in diameter, branching freely at an acute angle. Leaves are thin, coriaceous, 1-2 ft long, dark green on the upper surface, slightly glaucous beneath, the margins armed throughout with short, sharp red spines; midrib spiny only at the base and tip. Drupes are purple with a slight bloom, orange at the base when ripe.
 
 
(x) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus obsoletus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus palustris
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: An erect tree, about 20 ft high, with slate gray stem about 8 in. in diameter with short spiny knobs, not branching freely, with many aerial roots, the branches ending in tufts of drooping very persistent leaves. Leaves are firm in texture, tapering very gradually to a point, 41/2 to 6 ft. long, the margins armed, usually throughout with small sharp blacked-tipped spines; midrib prominent, spiny throughout
 
(xii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus prostratus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xiii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus pyramidalis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A tree 30 ft. high with a straight dark brown stem, 8-10 in. in diameter, with horizontal or slightly deflexed branches ending in drooping tufts of leaves. Leaves are thick, coriaceous 2-5 ft. long, 1-2 in. broad, tapering to a long point, dark green, slightly glaucent on both surfaces; margins red, armed throughout or except at the middle with short red-tipped spines; midrib prominent, spiny in the upper half.
 
(xiv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus rigidifolius
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus sphaeroideus
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A low tree 8-12 ft. high with a slender decumbent, light dun-coloured freely branching stem, the branches decumbent and aerial roots descending freely from all parts. Leaves are firm in texture 3-5 in. long, pale green, the edges irregularly armed with short reddish spines; midrib not very prominent, spiny towards the tip.
 
(xvi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pandanus vandermeerschii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Ile Ronde
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A tree about 20 ft. high with a light-coloured stem 5-6 in. in diameter, branching freely, and branches often twisted. Leaves are stiff, sub-erect 2 ½ to 3 ft. long, very glaucous on both surfaces, the thickened red margins, armed throughout with a strong red pungent spines and the prominent red midrid also spiny from the base to the tip. Drupes fusiform.
 
40.
FAMILY: PITTOSPORACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pittosporum balfourii
COMMON NAME: Bois becasse
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A shrub reaching 4m high, young parts very pubescent and more or less glabrescent. Leaves petioled and those of young specimen appears more longer and more straighter as compared to the adult ones, adult limb oboval or strictly oboval, generally obtuse, sometimes pointed or rounded at the base. Inflorescence is in panicles, having till 20 flowers, young pedicels finely puberulent, and at later stage glabrous. Fruit 4-7mm long. Male flowers only.
 
41.
FAMILY: RANUNCULACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Clematis mauritiana
COMMON NAME: Vigne vierge
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A glabrous climbing shrub. Leaves are petioled; leaflets turnate, ovate, acute, stalked, and dentate. Flowers are 3-5 in. long, lax pedicels on axillary peduncles as long as the petiole.
 
42.
FAMILY: RHAMNACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gouania leguatii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS:
DESCRIPTION:
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gouania tiliifolia
COMMON NAME: Liane charretiers
LOCATION: Perrier
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A climbing shrub with young branches only and veins of the leaf below, rusty-pilose. Leaves have short petiole, cordate-ovate, 2-4 in. long. Flowers are in close raceme, 2-4 in. long, with a densely pilose axis, expanded; petals, whitish, shorter than sepals. Capsule hard, naked, deeply triquetrous with thick wings.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Phylica nitida
COMMON NAME: Bruyere
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub with bud more or less creeping with short, cone-shaped spur. Found on mountains
 
43.
FAMILY: RUBIACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Antirhea bifurcata
COMMON NAME: Bois goudron
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Shrub of 1.2-4m high, with bud of 12-15cm in diameter; bark is platanoid, grayish; branches purple, dark black, rough. Leaves are often bright green, grouped on the top of the twigs; lamian is elliptical to oboval, rounded at the tip, cuneiform at the base, almost glabrous or small hairs. Inflorescence of 3-40-flores; corolla is yellowish to bright yellow. Fruit is ellipsoid, 2.5mm in diameter, with thin flesh.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bertiera bistipulata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: Small tree; branches pubescent, apressed. Leaf blade is elliptical, acuminate at the tip, cuneiform to subtruncate at the base, glabrous on both surface; petiole 1-1.6cm long. Inflorescence, a thyrsus formed with cymes, often ample, with pubescent fine or dense. Ripe fruit is not known.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bertiera zaluzania
COMMON NAME: Bois bleu; bois de raisins; bois maigre
LOCATION: Mt Cocotte
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: A low erect shrub with silky branchlets. Leaves are short-petioled, oblong, acute, subcoriaceous, distinctly penninerved, 4-6 in. long, glabrous above, obscurely silky below. Flowers are in peduncled, terminal drooping panicles, ½ foot long; cymes many, lax, 3-4 times dichotomously forked, with a flower sessile in each fork. Berry is dry, size of a small pea.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia boryana
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION: Bassin blanc
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched glabrous shrub, 3-4 ft. high, with rather stout angular branchlets. Leaves are obovate-oblong, often turnate, 3-4 in. long, sub-acute with a deltoid base, petiole slender, 1-11/2 in. long. Flowers are in a terminal corymbose panicle, 3-6 in. broad, usually fascicled, 3-6 together at the end of the branchlets. Drupes are oblong, ¼ in. long, purple, not crowned by a cup.
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia capitata
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION: Plaine Champagne
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A glabrous shrub with rather stout terete branches. Leaves are short-petioled, obovate-oblong, 3-4 in. long, minutely cuspidate, sub-coriaceous, cuneately narrowed from the middle to the base turning black in drying. Flowers are 20-30 in a dense globose, sessile, terminal head; pedicel, none. Drupes are oblong, ½ in. long, crowned by a deep cut.
 
(vi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia coriacea
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION: Petrin
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub of 1-2.5m high, with young twigs which are quite thick, no hairs; older twigs with grey bark. Leaves are opposite, with lamina elliptical, shortly acuminate at the tip, cuneiform at the base, glabrous, wholly coriaceous, margin revoluted, yellowish green and shiny when dry. Inflorescence is loose, with axes white to pink or red; peduncle 3cm long. Corolla is pink. Fruit is dark red, strictly ovoid.
 
(vii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia grandifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or bush of undergrowth; young parts becoming black when drying, older parts has bark of dark grey colour. Leaves opposite or in whorl of 3, with lamina elliptical, shortly acuminate at the tip, cuneiform at the base, glabrous; petiole 1-3cm. Flowers are sessile, in loose inflorescence, glabrous; peduncle white or reddish, 2-4cm long. Corolla is blue or pink on the outside, purple inside. Fruit is blackish, ellipsoid or oblong.
 
(viii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia lanceolata
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Shrub of 1.5-1.8m high; twigs easily broken with barkgreyish brown. Leaves opposite, with blade elliptical or oblong, shortly acuminate at the tip, cuneiform at the base, shiny, glabrous, smooth and uniform on the upper surface; petiole 0.5-2cm. Inflorescence is loose, with white axes, flowers with distinct pedicels. Corolla is white. Fruit is subspherical-ellipsoidal, about 1cm in diameter.
 
(ix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia petrinensis
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION: Common in Petrin, Plaine Champagne.
STATUS: Vulnerable, Endemic.
DESCRIPTION: Very small shrub. Distinguished by its coral-pink inflorescence. Small shrub of 1.5m high; twigs are quite hardy, glabrous, with bark grayish, shiny. Leaves are opposite, subsessiles, yellowish green; lamina is narrowly oboval-cuneiform or oboval, coriaceous but thin, glabrous. Inflorescence is closely packed, trichotomous, and sessile. Corolla is pale greenish yellow, waxy. Fruit is dark blue green to black purple, sessile, oblong-ellipsoidal.
 
(x) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Chassalia sp.
COMMON NAME: Bois corail
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub, rarely small tree or herbs. Leaves are opposite or rarely in 3. Flowers are hermaphrodite, often small, as an inflorescence. Corolla is white, pink or purple, sometimes yellow inside. Fruit is fleshy, hemispherical, and dehiscent.
 
(xi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Doricera trilocularis
COMMON NAME: Bois chave-souris
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or small tree reaching5-9m high; trunk of 10-25cm in diameter; treetop like an umbrella; bark is grayish brown; branches are glabrous. Leaves are oblong-elliptical to elliptical, obtuse at the tip, cuneiform at the base, +- shiny on the upper surface, coriaceous, glabrous. Flowers in group of 4-8; corolla is white. Fruit is red, 7.5-11mm in diameter.
(xii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fernalia dicipiens
COMMON NAME: Bois buis; Bois de buis
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Shrub of 2-3m high, ramified. Leaf blade is elliptical, rounded to sub-pointed at the tip, cuneiform at the base, sometimes completely coriaceous; petiole 2-4mm long. Male and female flowers present. Fruit becomes purple when mature, ovoid or ellipsoid.
 
(xiii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fernalia obovata
COMMON NAME: Bois buis; Bois de buis
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub of 1.2-3.6m high; bark is grayish brown; young twigs are pubescent. Leaf blade largely elliptical to almost circular, rounded at the tip, cuneiform at the base, +- glabrous; petiole 5mm long, with short pubescent. Male flowers with peduncle, +- nil. Female flower and fruit not found.
 
(xiv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera calycina
COMMON NAME: Bois la soupe
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or dwarf tree?, 0.9-1.2m high; twigs are glabrous. Leaf blade is elliptical to oblong-elliptical, acuminate at the tip, cuneiform at the base, coriaceous but thin, glabrous; petiole 1.7-3cm. Inflorescence corymbiform, 20cm in width. Fruit is fusiform.
(xv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera cuneifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Habit unknown; young twigs are glabrous. Leaf blade is oboval to oblong-cuneiform, truncate to largely rounded at the tip, cuneiform at the base, very coriaceous, petiole is 5mm long, orange yellow. Flowers with fragrance, in sessile inflorescence, subspherical, 2-4cm in diameter. Corolla is white, fleshy, finely puberulent on the exterior. Fruit is ellipsoidal.
 
(xvi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera hirtiflora
COMMON NAME: Bois de riviere
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
(xvii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera longifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small short tree or shrub with little branching of 1.8-3m high; twigs are quite strong, straight, with bark pale brown. Leaf blade is big, elliptical-oblong to oblanceolate, shortly acuminate at the tip, narrowly cuneiform at the base, coriaceous, glabrous, dark green, shiny above and paler beneath; petiole 2-4cm long. Inflorescence, multiflores, peduncle 3cm long. Flowers with fragrance. Corolla is waxy white. Fruit is whitish, subspherical and smooth when fresh, obovoid when dry. 
 
(xviii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera pendula
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Shrub is slender and thin or small tree of 1.5-3.5 m long, with glabrous young twigs. Leaf blade is oblong-elliptique to oblong-lanceolate, usually quite long, acuminate at the tip, cuneiform at the base, coriaceous but thin, shiny; petiole and the midrib is orange brown. Flowers with fragrance, peduncle is 3-6cm long, inflorescence. White corolla. Fruit is blackish or slate blue, elongated and fusiform.
 
(xix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera petrinensis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub low or dwarf tree of 1-1.5m high; twigs are glabrous; internodes are very short. Leaf blade is oblong or oblong-elliptical, acuminate at the tip, truncate at the base, coriaceous. Flowers with fragrance, a compact inflorescence, about 2cm in diameter. Corolla is white. Fruit is ellipsoidal.
 
(xx) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera psychotrioides
COMMON NAME: Bois banane; Bois café; Bois de riviere
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or small tree is compact, 1.8-12m high; bark is dark brown, a bit frail, thin, deciduous; young twigs are glabrous or thinly pubescent. Leaf blade is oblong to oblong-oboval, rounded at the tip, less often pointed, cuneiform at the base, cariaceous. Flowers with fragrance. Inflorescence branching, reaching 13cm in width; peduncle 1-6cm long. Corolla is waxy white, glabrous or pubescent. Fruit is white crème or bluish, ellipsoid.
 
(xxi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera rotundifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or small tree ramose of 1-6m high; branches are glabrous, +- tetragonal; bark is dark grey. Leaf blade is elliptical to oboval or +- rounded, acuminate at the tip, cueiform at the base, coriaceous, shiny, with revoluted margin. Flowers with fragrance, grouped; corolla is waxy white. Fruit is ellipsoidal.
 
(xxii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera sp.
COMMON NAME: Bois de riviere
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Small tree about 6m high, with quite strong twigs. Leaf blade oblong-elliptical or +- oboval, pointed at the tip, cuneiform at the base, thin but coriaceous; petiole is strong, pubescent, 2.5-4cm long. Inflorescence is plentiful, pubescent; peduncle is 4cm long. 
 
(xxiii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera sp. A.
COMMON NAME: Bois de la soupe
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xxiv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaertnera truncata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Small tree, slender and thin, 3.6-4.5m high; twigs are glabrous. Leaf blade is elliptical, pointed to acuminate at the tip, cuneiform at the base, quite coriaceous; petiole 1.5-2.2cm long. Inflorescence branching, with white branches; peduncle about 4-7cm long; corolla is white. Fruit is unknown.
 
(xxv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mussaenda arcuata
COMMON NAME: Liane cacapoule
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A small shrub, sometimes creeping, with a terminal bunch of yellow flower, ornate at the center of an orange red star via a darker colour. Shrub sometimes creeping, reaching 0.5-7m high; branches usually glabrous, sometimes with spreading short hairs. Leaves often by 3, with petiole of 0.3-2.2cm long; lamina is coriaceous, elliptical to rounded. Flowers are +- sessile, with fragrance; corolla with tube greenish yellow, glabrous, pubescent.
(xxvi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mussaenda landia
COMMON NAME: Quinquina indigene; Quinquina du pays
LOCATION: Found in humid forest.
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A small tree with wide tubulous flower that is white in colour. Bark has tonic and febrifuge properties. Small tree droit, 4.5-7m high, with branches spread; bark is smooth, brown grey, yellowish green within. Leaves are almost glabrous to velvety; lamina is elliptical, narrowly oval-elliptical, or oblong, shortly acuminate at the tip, rounded at the base. Inflorescence is multiflores; flowers with fragrance; corolla with tube greenish at the base and tip, reddish in the middle. Fruit is oblong, pubescent, dehiscent.
 
(xxvii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Myonima vaughanii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Shrub with thick twigs, brown grey. Leaves with petiole 3-7mm long; lamina is narrowly rounded at the tip, rounded to cuneiform at the base, becoming brownish when drying. Inflorescence is short, 9-multiflores, trichotomous.
 
(xxviii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Myonima violaceae
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Shrub very much branched or bush of 0.65-5m high; branches pale grey, glabrous. Leaves with petiole 1-4mm long; lamina is oblong, oval or elliptical-oblong, rounded at the tip, heart-shaped at the base, coriaceous but still thin, glabrous. Inflorescence is terminal, trichotomous, in cymes; corolla is white, tinted with pink on the outside. Fruit is red, sometimes with white rays, subspherical, fleshy, 6-9mm in diameter.
 
(xxix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Oldenlandia sieberi
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Grass annual or perrenial, diffuse or compact, with several buds, glabrous, very short, forming a rosette or 2.5-15cm long and spreading. Leaves are narrowly elliptical, reduced at the base, obtuse or sub-pointed at the tip, subcoriaceous, having very short triangular hairs on both surfaces. Flowers are glabrous, solitary, one by each node; corolla is white. Fruit is of capsule type, compressed-obovoid, 2-4mm long and glabrous.
 
(xxx) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psathura borbonica
COMMON NAME: Bois cassant
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub or slender bush, 1-4m high; cyme appears as an umbrella; small branches are very fragile, glabrous but the young parts are pubescent; trunk is of about 4-5cm in diameter; bark is grey, blackish or dark brown and not smooth; wood is very hard. Leaf blade is narrowly oblong-elliptical, pointed at the tip, cuneiform at the base, coriaceous, thin, discoloured. Inflorescence is axillary or terminal, 3-25-flowers. Flower with fragrance; corolla is white or yellowish white. Fruit is waxy white, spherical, ellipsoid or ovoid, 3-7mm long.
 
(xxxi) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psathura myrtifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois cassant a petites feuilles
LOCATION: Brise-Fer
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub spreading or bush with an umbrella type cyme, 1-3m high; branches are slender, thin and glabrous. Leaf blade is elliptical or narrowly oboval, obtuse at the tip, cuneiform at the base. Inflorescence with peduncle of 4mm long, often 3-flores; corolla is white. Fruit is ovoid-spherical, white, slightly rough, with thin flesh, spongious.
 
(xxxii) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Psychotria balfouriana
COMMON NAME: Bois lubine
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub which is glabrous, with tetragonal twigs; twigs with grey bark, +- shiny. Leaves with petiole of about 1.5cm long; lamina is lanceolate, pointed at the tip, coriaceous, having dark reddish brown spots of resin on both surfaces. Flowers in terminal cluster; pedicels very short. Fruit unknown.
 
(xxxiii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pyrostria cordifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or bush of 1.8-7.5m high, with trunk of 25cm in diameter; bark is brownish black; branches with pale grey bark. Leaf blade is oblong-lanceolate, elliptical, oblong or oval, rounded at the tip, rounded, truncate or heart-shaped at the base, coriaceous, thin, shiny above. Inflorescence consists only of male flowers. Female flowers are solitary, sessile. Fruit is subspherical, 8mm in diameter, 4-lobes.
 
(xxxiv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pyrostria fasciculata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or bush of 2-6m high, with trunk of 3-5cm in diameter; bark is pale brown, smooth; branches becoming browns or yellowish grey when drying. Leaf blade is elliptical or elliptical-oblong, narrowly rounded or obtuse at the tip, cuneiform at the base, +- coriaceous, glabrous with revoluted margin. Inflorescences are sessile. Flowers are +- sessile, with fragrance; corolla is yellowish or pale pink.
 
(xxxv) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pyrostria ferruginea
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: Small tree. Leaf blade is oblong-elliptical to oval-elliptical, rounded but +- obtuse at the tip, rounded or truncate at the base, coriaceous, glabrous; petiole 2-4mm long. Male flower is unknown. Female flowers are solitary, sessile.
 
(xxxvi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pyrostria macrophylla
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Small tree reaching 8m high; branches are glabrous. Leaf blade is elliptical, rounded at the tip, cuneiform at the base, upper surface is often blackish purple, greyish blue-green beneath., coriaceous, glabrous. Male flowers are sessile, in group. Female flowers are sessile and solitary.
 
(xxxvii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pyrostria viburnoides
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub which is bushy of 1.2-4m high and with trunk of 2cm in diameter; branches are straight, tetragonal. Leaf blade is elliptical, elliptical-oblong, rounded at the tip, sub-pointed, rounded or heart-shaped at the base, coriaceous, with revoluted margin. Inflorescence male3-8-flores. Female flowers are solitary. Fruit is subspherical, finely rough, with fine hairs.
 
(xxxviii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Scyphochlamys revoluta
COMMON NAME: Bois mangue
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
(xxxix)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spermacoce flagelliformis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Grass annual or perrenial, usually straight, not ramified to quite ramified at the base, 15-65cm high; bud is glabrous, +- angular. Leaf blade is linearly-elliptical, or linearly-lanceolate, pointed at the tip, glabrous on the lower surface. Flowers in whorl at the apical or subapical nodes. Fruit of capsule type, oblong-ellipsoidal, 2.5mm long, with long hairs on the apical part, capsule with 4 valves.
 
(xxxx) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spermacoce mauritiana
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Grass annual, not hardy, decumbent, or straight, 3-40cm long, usually branching; buds with crisped hairs. Leaf blade is elliptical to elliptical-lanceolate, rounded to pointed at the tip, reduced on the petiole, glabrous on both surface except the margin and the midrib. Flowers in small groups pauciflores found mostly near the nodes; corolla is white and long. Fruit is oblong, compressed, pubescent.
 
(xxxxi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Spermacoce tenuior
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION: Grass annual, straight or creeping, 30-90cm long, with tetragonal buds, most are glabrous. Leaf blade is elliptical to linearly-elliptical, pointed at the tip, a petiole-like base, often thin, glabrous or puberulent on the upper surface. Corolla is white, white &pink or pale purple. Fruit is of capsule type, obovoid-subspherical to ellipsoid, dehiscent on top.
 
44.
FAMILY: RUPPIACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ruppia maritime
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Branches are long, slender and thin. Leaves are linear-filiform, 4-15cm long, pointed, with serrated margin. Peduncle 2-3mm long, curved, straighten after flowering and reaching 5cm. Fruit is ovoid, 2-3mm long, with a beak.
 
45.
FAMILY: RUTACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Euodia chapelieri
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: A low tree or slender shrub, little ramified reaching 5m high. Leaves uni-foliated, limb coriaceous, elliptical or oval, rounded at the tip and obtuse at the base. Inflorescence are variable, glabrous. Petals 2.2-2.6mm long, glabrous on the exterior.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Euodia obtusifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub or tree of about 10m high. Leaves almost tri-foliated, coriaceous, petiole short or long. Petals of inflorescence 1.7-2.7mm long, glabrous or pubescent on the exterior.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Vepris lanceolata
COMMON NAME: Bois de patte de poule
LOCATION: Brise-Fer
STATUS: Rare, Indigenous
DESCRIPTION: A shrub or small tree with more or less slender branches. Bark contains 2% tannin. Petiole 1.5-7cm long, glabrous. Leaves more or less sessile, glabrous, margin entire, oboval, elliptical or oval at the tip, usually pointed at the base. Inflorescence is 2-10cm long, in general more or less conical, sometimes more wide than long or reduced in simple racemes, pauciflore. Flowers are in general more or less equidistant in female panicles and grouped in fascicles on lateral branches. Male pedicels are firmer than in female flowers. Petals oblong, the tip curved. Fruit becoming globose when dry and taste as pepper. Roots used against colic and influenza.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zanthoxylum heterophylum
COMMON NAME: Bois de catafaille noir
LOCATION: Brise-Fer, Found on coastal forest.
STATUS: Endangered, Indigenous
DESCRIPTION: Tree with smooth, dark gray bark, trunk reaching 30-50cm diameters at breast height. Adult tree is usually without spine. Juvenile leaves 25-30cm long, adult leaves 15-20cm long. Peduncles of inflorescence 3-7cm long, male inflorescence ramified, 15-20cm long and 6-13cm large bearing more then 100 flowers grouped in fascicles or in short raceme. Female inflorescence is 15-18cm long. Fruit sub-globose to largely ovoid. It is prescribed as stomachic and tonic.
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Zanthoxylum paniculatum
COMMON NAME: Bois pasner, Bambara
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: Spines more frequent on adult tree than in Zanthoxylon heterophyllum. Juvelile leaves collected only once. Foliage is very similar to Zanthoxylon heterophyllum. Flowers unknown. Fruit as in Zanthoxylon heterophyllum.
 
46.
FAMILY: SAPINDACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Molinaea alternifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Bois de gaulettes, Found at all altitude.
STATUS: Not threatened, Endemic to Reunion and Mauritius.
DESCRIPTION: Shrub.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Molinaea laevis
COMMON NAME: Bois de gaulettes; Bois de sagaie blanc
LOCATION: Found in dry region: Yemen, Magenta,Cabinet.
STATUS: Not threatened, Endemic
DESCRIPTION: shrub
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Molinaea macrantha
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Endemic in humid zone: Perrier, Petrin. Bel Ombre.
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Shrub It has a long cluster of pink flowers which flowers in the period Jan-March. It has ornamental interest.
 
47.
FAMILY: SAPOTACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Labourdonnaisia calophylloides
COMMON NAME: Natte a petites feuilles
LOCATION:
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A tree 30-40 ft. high, glabrous in all its parts with stout branchlets. Leaves are crowded towards the end of the branchlets on petioles ½ in. long, oblong, obtuse, cuneate at the base, 2-4 in. long, very rigid, green beneath with fine immersed, erecto-patent veins. Flowers are solitary or crowded often drooping; pedicels, ½-11/2 in. long, petals 12, lanceolate, whitish as long as or rather longer than the sepal. It is a one-seeded brown berry.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sideroxylon boutonianum
COMMON NAME: Bois de fer
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A tree, glabrous in all its parts with moderately stout terete rugose branches. Leaves are glabrous, coriaceous, obovate-oblong, obtuse, rounded at the base, 3-6 in. long, and petiole ¼ to ½ in. long. Flowers are 3-6 in a cluster on slender pedicel, ¼-3/8 inch long; petals, lingulate, as long as the sepals.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sideroxylon cinereum
COMMON NAME: Manglier vert
LOCATION: Endemic of median altitude
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching 10m high, often ramified very low with several trunks; bark dark gray. The blade is narrow to elliptical, glabrous on both surfaces; senescent leaves turning orange red before falling. Flowers are in fascicles, can flower several consecutive years and reaching 5-6mm high. Berry is spherical, about 1cm in diameter, containing abundant white latex.
 
(iv)
 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sideroxylon galateum
COMMON NAME: Bois de pomme
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A heterophyllous tree, reaching more than 20m high. The bark is platanoid. Young leaves have linear limb. Adult leaves with blade elliptical to oblong, rounded at the tip. Flowers found in the axil of the leaves.
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sideroxylon grandiflorum
COMMON NAME: Tambalacoque
LOCATION: Bassin blanc
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A tree with stout terete branchlets. Leaves are crowded at the end of the branches, petiole ¾-11/4 in, long. Flowers are 1-3 together, the nodes little raised, pedicles ¼-1 in. long; petals, lingulate, as long as the sepals. Drupes are the size of a small apple with a thick fleshy pericarp.
 
(vi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sideroxylon puberulum
COMMON NAME: Manglier rouge
LOCATION: Florin, Found in coastal region
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Tree reaching 15m high, with trunk usually straight, not ramfied at the base; grey bark, +-smooth. Lamina of the leaves is elliptical to oboval, rounded at the tip, +- cuneiform at the base, with revoluted margin. Young leaves and branches are covered with a dense reddish brown tomentose hairs that is persistent during growth. Flowers fasciculees par 5-15, on the leafless part of the small branches. Hermaphrodite flowers with 5 sepals while female flowers are smaller with no corolla.  Berry is spherical, about 1cm in diameter, black when matured, containing an abundant white latex. 
 
(vii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Sideroxylon sessiliflorum
COMMON NAME: Conabo
LOCATION: Grown beneath high canopy in humid forest.
STATUS: Vulnerable, Endemic
DESCRIPTION: Endemic shrub grown beneath high canopy in humid forest.
Shrub mostly multicaule, reaching 8m high, with trunk of 10-15cm in diameter, few branching out near the summit. Leaves with lamina straightly elliptical, or obovate, rounded at the top, glabrous.  Berry is ovoid, 2-2.5cm long.
 
48.
FAMILY: SCROPHULARIACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bacopa monnieri
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Found in coastal regions
STATUS: Unknown, Indigenous.
DESCRIPTION: Perennial herb with creeping bud, rooted at the knots with fleshy leaves. Flowers are white with a purple tinge.
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lindernia rotundifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Found in wetlands or riverbanks.
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Very small creeping herb with small, white flowers and blue or purple tinge.
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Torenia thouarsii
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Found on Mt Cocotte.
STATUS: Unknown
DESCRIPTION: Slender herb, rooted to the nodes with white flowers washed with a violet-blue colour.
 
49.
FAMILY: STERCULIACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Dombeya populnea
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A tree, 20-25 ft. high, glabrous throughout with slender terete branches. Leaves are thin, round-cordate, acute or acuminate, 3-4 in. long; petiole slender as long as the blade. Flowers are in peduncles as long as the petioles, pedicels, 1-3 times of calyx; petals, ¼ -1/3 in. long, oblanceolate or obversely deltoid. Capsules are glabrous, depresso-globose, 1/6 in. thick.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trochetia boutoniana
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Le Morne
STATUS: Endangered, Endemic
DESCRIPTION: Shrub reaching 2-3m high, trunk short, 20cm diameter, ramified rapidly in numerous branches. Leaves have limb that is strictly oval, oval-elliptical, obtuse to rounded at the tip, rounded to twisted at the base, petiole 1.5-3cm long, covered by whitish or yellowish scaly hairs. Peduncles are axillary, uniflore, 2-4cm long, pedicels 5-8mm long. Petals are asymmetrical, 4.5cm long, red carmine in colour. Nectar is present in the corolla. Capsule is globose, 1.5-2cm diameter.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trochetia parviflora
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Corps de Garde
STATUS: Critically endangered
DESCRIPTION: A much-branched low shrub with lepidote brown pubescence. Leaves are oblong, entire, 1-11/2 in. long, firm, obtuse, scabrous above rather rounded at the base, thinly scurfy beneath, petiole ¼ in. long. Flowers are found in peduncles erect, 3-flowered, longer than the petioles; petals are broad but not longer than the sepals.
 
(iv)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trochetia triflora
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Plaine Champagne
STATUS: Vulnerable
DESCRIPTION: A small tree with petioles, peduncles, leaves below and sepals clothed with dense brown, scurfy, pubescence. Leaves are oblong, crowded near the end of the branches, 4-6 in. long, acute, sub-entire, broadly rounded at the base, coriaceous, green and scabrous above, covered with brown, tomentum beneath, petioled erect, 1-2 in. long. Flowers are in peduncles, much deflexed, exceeding the petiole, 3-flowered; petals obovate, ½ as long as the sepals. Fruits are hard, oblong, furfuraceous.
 
(v)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Trochetia uniflora
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Plaine Champagne
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION: A low shrub, with petioles, peduncles and leaves below, clothed with dense brown scurfy pubescence. Leaves are oblong, 2-3 in. long, entire, firm, rounded at the base, obtuse, petiole ½-1 in., ascending or curved. Flowers are in peduncles 1-flowered, deflexed exceeding the petioled. Capsules are hard, globose, furfuraceous, ¼-1/3 in. thick.
 
50.
FAMILY: SURIANACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Souriana maritima
COMMON NAME: Bois matelot
LOCATION: Flat island, Found on coastal corals.
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: A compact shrub reaching more than 1,50m high in the mascarenes but in other places, they can reach a small tree. The branches are covered of a dense, gray and hairy coat formed by glandulous and simple hairs, leaf scars very distinct. The leaves are grouped at the tip of branches, sessile, limb strictly obovate to obovate-oblong, quite coriaceous, rounded and obtuse at the tip and gradually narrow at the base. Inflorescence is axillary, having dense velved hairs as in the branches, sometimes more or less hidden by the leaves. Flowers are 3-6, the lateral ones developing later than the terminal ones. Petals are yellow, obovate, glabrous, the tip rounded and more or less vaguely serrated. Fruit is globose, blackish and 3-4mm in diameter. Recommended in case of Laffe sting-venimous fish.
 
51.
FAMILY: TACCACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tacca artocarpifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Found at Nouvelle Decouverte, Camp Thorel.
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Indigenous in Madagascar and possibly in Mauritius. The spike, which appear before the leaves is 1-3 cm long and bears white flowers.
 
52.
FAMILY: TRISTICHACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Tristicha trifaria
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Indeterminate
DESCRIPTION:
 
53.
FAMILY: TURNERACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mathurina pendulifolia
COMMON NAME: Bois Gandine
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Tree of 4-12m high, heterophyllous; pale wood, fine grain; bark is pale and rough; branches in whorl, straight; small branches reddish. Leaves are glabrous except near the base which is covert with thin short hairs, simple, pointed; juvenile lamina is linear with strictly revoluted margin; intermediate forms exist until the adult form, which is obovate, entire or crenated. Flowers axillary, peduncle 1.6-4.4cm. petals are oval or oboval, white and glabrous. Fruit is a capsule which is ellipsoidal, dehiscent; valves 3, external surface greenish and interior is whitish.
54.
FAMILY: Ulmaceae
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Celtis philippensis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Indeterminate
DESCRIPTION:
 
55.
FAMILY: UMBELLIFERAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Centella asiatica
COMMON NAME: Herbe boileau; Asiatic Pennywort
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Creeping herb, rooted to the knots. Leaves subcircular, V-shaped at the base.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pilea
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pilea pollicaris
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Mt Lagrave
STATUS: Endangered
DESCRIPTION:
 
(iv)
 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pilea thouarsiana
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Mt Lagrave
STATUS: Extinct
DESCRIPTION:
 
(v)
 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pilea trilobata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Mt Lagrave
STATUS: Indeterminate
DESCRIPTION:
 
(vi)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pilea verbascifolia
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Mt Lagrave
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
(vii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pouzolzia laevigata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
(viii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Procris pedunculata
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
(ix) 
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Urera acuminata
COMMON NAME: Liane a gratter
LOCATION: Found at Macchabee, Gorges Riviere Noire, Le Pouce, Cabinet.
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION: Small shrub, endemic, creeping and the exuded milky jus is very irritating to the eyes and skin.
 
56.
FAMILY: Violaceae
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Viola inconspicua
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Rare
DESCRIPTION:
 
57.
FAMILY: ZANNICHELLIACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Halodule uninervis
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION: Found all around the coast.
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Perrenial plants, graminiform. Rhizome with long internode, node with 1-6 roots, scales oval or elliptical. Leaves having tip with 2 linearly lateral parts. Fruit is globose with long beak.
 
(ii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Syringodium isoetifolium
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Rhizome with internodes 1-3.5cm long. Scales 5mm long. Terminal cyme. Leaves are reduced, lamina not longer than 20mm. Both male and female flowers are similar. Fruit with beak of 2mm.
 
(iii)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Thalassodendron ciliatum
COMMON NAME:
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: Hardy rhizome, 5mm in diameter, internodes of1-3cm long; scales are oval, 6mm long, deciduous, roots are helical. Bud 10-65cm long. Leaves are linear, green tinted with reddish purple, lightly reduced at the base, margin is entire. Flowers are almost sessile, yellow tint with red. Fruit is oblong, 3-5cm long.
 
58.
FAMILY: ZINGIBERACEAE
(i)
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Aframomum angustifolium
COMMON NAME: Longouze; Zedoaire du pays
LOCATION:
STATUS: Not threatened
DESCRIPTION: